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25th APRIL 1815: INQUEST INTO DEATH OF CHARLES CARLYLE

Depositions taken on an Inquest, held at Hobart Town, County of Buckinghamshire, Island of Van Diemen this 25th day of April, 1815, on view of the body of Charles Carlisle, Prisoner now lying dead, before Adolarious William Henry Humphrey, Gentleman, Coroner for the County aforesaid. ‘

GEORGE BUSH, assistant Surgeon in His Majesty’s 46th Regt. Of foot called and duly sworn, deposes :-

I have examined the Body of Charles Carlisle here lying dead. I am of opinion that his Death was caused by loss of blood in consequence of the division of the principal Artery of the Thigh, and the wound appears to me to have been caused by a Musket Ball, or several Balls together, as the Orifice is very large.

GEORGE KING, Prisoner, duly Sworn deposes ;-

About 8 o’Clock yesterday morning (24th inst.), a party of Bushrangers, consisting of Eight Men and one Black Girl, Viz. Whitehead, Peter Septon, Michael Howe, Hugh Burn, Richard Collyer, and .the fifer’ belonging to the 73rd Regt., also. Richard McGwyre, came to the River Plenty, as I was informed by Thomas Francis, and that they had killed a Government Cow. I also heard that they went to Thomas Gay’s, a constable, took possession of the Articles which the party (of which Gay was one) had taken from them a short time before; the Bushrangers then proceeded to Barnes’ house, asked for fire Arms, as I was told, then went to William Able’s and enquired for fire Arms and also for me. they afterwards went to Charles Carlisle’s house, from whose house’, they took some property, Viz. a Gold watch, etc., with other Articles a I was told by Flaherty. They then proceeded to Thomas Humphrey’s house, asked for his Arms; they then went to Bryant Cullen’s house, then they got a Musket and a Cutlash.’ Whitehead told me this, when I was with his party”; they then went to Robert Hay’s, a Constable for the district of New Norfolk. George Porter, Thomas Francis and Self were there (Robert Hay was at this time from home); they taken him at a stream called the front River. Porter, Self and Lucas went out of the House, when I saw the Bushrangers coming. I had a brace of pistols, George Porter had a Musket, as also Francis. I with Porter and Francis advanced, when one of the Bushrangers fired a Musket at Francis. I do not know the Man that fired. He was not one of the Men:, whose Names I have mentioned. Robert Hay held up his hand as a Signal for me to retire. I then ran from them. Thomas Francis put down his Musket and waited until the Bushrangers came up. Porter also laid down his Arms and stood still; the bush-rangers pursued me and fired Three Shots at me; the Men who shot were Collyer, Howe and Geary; when I could not run any further, being quite exhausted, they came up, two of them laid down their Arms in order to tie my hands behind me, which they did; they made me walk ahead of them, Geary holding a pistol cocked at my back; Peter septon had a Musket with the Muzzle close to my head and desired me  to walk on; they took me to Robert Hay’s house and there untied my hands, and four of them, Viz. Howe, Septon, Burn and Collyer stood seentry over me; the Black Girl, who is a Native of the Island, was placed to watch Robert Hay’s front Door; three of the Men then went to Triffitts, Whitehead was one; it is almost a Mile distant from Hay’s house; after they had been gone some time, they returned with property, which they had stole from Triffitt, viz. Shoes, Jackets, etc., After this party had returned to Hay’s, the whole party went up to Triffitt’s, as they said to get some Sugar, taking me along with them; as soon as they entered to Triffitt’s house, Mrs. Triffitt entreated they would give her back some of the things. . Whitehead took off his hat and gave her a Bed Gown not made up. Septon and Howe went into the Room and filled their Knapsacks with Sugar. They all left Triffitt’s and proceeded on towards the Stony Hut planes, taking me along with them. At about a Mile and a half from Triffitt’s, they sat down to rest and gave me a piece of Green Cow Hide to make a pair of Morgazeens for myself. I had not sat down long, when Dennis McCarty and Brown (alias Kitchme) came running up. Brown ran in among the Bushrangers before anyone saw him with a Cutlash. Brown made a Cut with it, but I can’t say whether he cut one of them. McCarty called to me and told me to hold down my head. I did so and he [McCarty) then fired off his fowling piece at the party of Bushrangers. I did not observe anyone fall; the Bush rangers then ran, but did not go far before they stopped, and again returned. McCarthy fired a second time. The Bush rangers then went to a large Hollow tree, some of them got into it in order to fire through holes in the tree, while the others stood behind it. I then saw Carlisle, Jamott, O’Burne, Thomas Murphy, James Triffitt, Thomas Triffitt, Christopher Hacking, Tooms and another Man, whose Name I do not know, along with McCarty; the party with McCarty had but five Muskets and two or three pistols. I then went behind a, Tree and distinctly saw Whitehead fire the first. One Man fell, I am not sure whether it was Jamott or Carlisle. I then saw Michael Howe fire from behind the Tree; one man then fell, it was either Jamott or Carlisle; they were the two first that fell’; there were only two Shots fired, first by Whitehead, second by Howe. I then heard, a third Shot. fired from behind the Tree, but couldn’t say who fired it, but I saw O’Burne fall. I was at this time behind a Tree, when McCarthy told me to run back. I went a little way and stopped. I saw Thomas Triffitt fall; can’t say who fired the Shot at him, I was running from them at, the time and the Bushrangers were firing at me. I saw three Balls fall near me. Thomas Triffitt got up and ran from them; such of McCarty’s party, who had. no Arms, retreated back leaving McCarty and the wounded Men at the Spot where the Men were Shot. I heard the Bush rangers call out to McCarthy; to drop his Arms and give himself up to them. McCarty’s party that were retreating stopped and heard McCarty say, he would be damned if he would, for that he would have another shot at them, McCarty then fired and ran with his party towards the Settlement at New Norfolk; the Inhabitants at the Settlement went in search of the wounded, Crochan was one. In about three hours after, Crochan and the others brought Carlisle (the deceased) in a wheelbarrow to his own house, and, as they brought him to his own door, he died. I afterwards saw Triffitt, Jamott and O’Burne brought to McCarty’s wounded; O’Burne was wounded through the Jaw; he could not speak; Jamott was wounded in the upper part of his thigh; Triffitt was also wounded in the thigh. Murphy I did not see, I was informed he was wounded in three places. After this I came from New Norfolk to Hobart Town, at which place I arrived about Three o’Clock (25th instant) in the Morning.  

Question. Were the Bush rangers anywise disguised, when you saw them’

Answer. No, they were all armed with a Musket Each, and some with a brace of pistols as well as Cutlashes…

JOHN BROWN (alias Kitchme),’ a free man,’ duly sworn:

About 12 o’Clock yesterday (24th instant), hearing that there was a party of Bushrangers committing Depredations in the Neighbourhood of New Norfolk, Robbing from House to House, Mr McCarty, Jamott, Carlisle, O’Burne, Murphy, Triffitt, Thomas Triffitt, and two Men belonging to Mr. McCarty went in search of them. On starting, it was agreed to take them or Die in. the attempt; to our great surprize, we overtook ,them about ¾ of a Mile at the back of Triffitts; they were sitting down making a Rail’ of Morgazeens for George King. McCarty and I went first. McCarty got wlthin 40 yards of them and then fired; one Man fell but got up again; I do not know who he was. I then ran in among, the Bush rangers, who left their Arms and went away a small distance, looked back, and, observing no other persons but myself and McCarty, they returned and took up such of their Arms, as they in their hurry had left behind them. McCarty then retreated back to a Tree, where his party were and loaded again. McCarty then said, Now you Dogs, if you are Men,’ face us like Men. I had no Musket, only a Cutlash, with which I struck at several Men, but did not wound anyone; finding there was no one close to me, I retreated and joined my own party. I do not know the Names of the Bush rangers; there was Eight Men and: one Native Black woman. The Bushrangers got behind a Tree and commenced firing. I saw Three of McCarty’s party fall, Carlisle, Jamott and O’Burne. Upon McCarty looking round and seeing the Three Men fall and laying on the Ground, McCarty then ran; the Bush rangers run after him, calling to him, saying, “McCarty, Stop, You Scoundrell, it is you we want, or we will blow your brains out.” McCarty replied, I will have a run for it! I returned to the Settlement.

PATRICK FLAHERTY, a prisoner holding a ticket of leave, Servant to Charles Carlisle, the deceased, called and duly Sworn, deposes:-.

Yesterday morning (24th instant), I was cooking breakfast for my master about 8 o’Clock as near as I can recollect, when Three Men came into the Hut of the deceased, Charles Carlisle, and each presented a musket at me, and charged me not to Stir on pain of death. I toldthem there was nothing in the house worth their troubling their heads on; they then attempted, to burst the Door of the Room, where my master was laying, but my Master got up and opened the Door; they forced him out of his room into the kitchen, he having only his Shirt on, my master asked permission to put his trousers on, which they granted. My master desired to know what they had taken; they replied only a little Tea and Sugar, his Musket and what Ammunition that was in the place; they then went away, after which my Master searched his room, found his pocket book gone, his Watch, a pocket watch, several pairs of Stockings, together with two pair of Silk stokings. The first Man that Entered the house was Collyer, who formerly went in the Government boats; Second Man was Richard McGwyre; third Man was Hugh Burn; fourth Man was the Fifer of 73d Regt.; fifth Man, I did not know. Outside of the House stood Michael Howe with a pistol, a Musket and a Sword, who had Command over the party, directing the party what to do. Howe directed them to put some flour out of their knapsacks, and put tea and Sugar in, which they stole from my Master. I also observed Whitehead, who spoke to me through the Window, asked me if there was not two or three partys of Soldiers out, adding, if another party came out, they would then come and Attack the Town and see what they would do then; they took the property and went off; when the Men left my master’s house, I went through the Bush to McCarty’s house and informed McCarty, who immediately prepared his Arms; the Bushrangers did not come to McCarty’s. The deceased, Charles Carlisle, went down to McOarty’s. I left McCarty’s and went down to the Back Riv’er. I saw two Bush rangers, standing in front of Robert Hay’s house, and two at the back. I then returned to McCarty’s in turn to inform him what I had seen, but found McCarty, Jamott, O’Burne, Carlisle and others were gone out in search of the Bushrangers; as soon as I got some refreshment, I went after them, but

did not proceed any further than Robert Hay’s house, being unarmed; while I was at Robert Hay’s house, I heard that my Master was wounded. I then went out in search of him. I found him with four men, who had got him on a Wheelbarrow bringing’ him to James Triffit’s house; and, on coming up to My Master who was bleeding very much and who said it was a bad job, that he was not long for this world, which he repeated more than once, I went on a little distance and met with two Men, who had O’Burne under their Care. I took O’Burne on my back and carried him to James Triffitt’s; to which house My Master was also carried, where he remained for 1/4 of an hour, during which time they Endeavoured to stop the bleeding, but could not with anything they tied round his thigh. My Master was then put on a Wheelbarrow and conveyed home. I went with the cart, which Mr. O’Burne was conveyed in to Mr. McCarty’s house. On arriving at McCarty’s house, I heard that my master was Dead. I then came down to Hobart Town.    

JAMES TRIFFIT, Settler at New Norfolk, called’ and duly Sworn,

deposes:-

I was one of the party, who went out with the Deceased in quest of the Bush-rangers. Yesterday I saw the deceased fall, but do not know the Name of the Man that shot him, nor can I say whether he was the first Man that fell; but I think he was the Second that fell. I do not know the Names of the Bushrangers.

INFORMATIONS,

D. McCarty and Christopher Hacking, on Charles Carlisle’s Death.

Hobart Town, 29th April, 1815.

Present:-A. W. H. Humphrey, Esq.; James Gordon, Esquire. .’

DENNIS McCARTY, Settler at New Norfolk, on Oath states:–

That about 9 o’clock on Monday morning last, while at breakfast, a Man “Servant to Charles Carlisle,” came running in and informed me that a large party of Bush Rangers were plundering the Settlement, and that they were coming to my house. I called all my Servants into the House immediately, and distributed them about the house to wait their Attack. Mr. Jemott was there in the House, who took charge of part of the Servants at one end of the House, and myself with the other Servants at the other part of the House; after waiting some time in expectation of their coming up, Charles Carlisle and Thomas Murphy came to the House and informed me that the Bush rangers had taken a different rout, as if they were afraid to attack my House. I then made Enquiry into their Strength and the manner in which they were armed, and, finding them very strong, I nevertheless thought that, \\’ith the proper Assistance of the Neighbouring Settlers, we might take them. I, therefore, ordered a Horse to be Saddled and sent Thomas Newby amongst the Settlers to desire them to Muster all their Arms, which the Banditti had left, or all that could be got, and to meet at the Rear of Hay’s House, where I conjectured they were; and that I would, with the Party I had, attack them in front; at the same time to make all the Noise they could, when I commenced the Attack in front; when Newby returned, I sent him to look out for Bushrangers, being apprehensive they would secret themselves when I was out with the Party return (and load my Boats with Plunder and make their Escape. Newby returned and informed me they were at Hay’s house with ‘a Sentry walking in front of it. i took and Armed my Servant, and went towards Hayes’s; when near the house, we were informed they had left, and were gone To James Triffit’s. I then pursued, sending to Hay’s to collect all the arms he could and follow; on my Arrival at Triffit’s, they were gone, I was informed they had just left the House after stripping it of every necessary, and that. they had taken George King along with them with the intent, as was supposed, to Murder him. I enquired which route they had taken, and found they had gone toward Macquarie B.. I then consulted with the Party with me, and, they promising to support me when I found the opportunity to rush on them, I led, tho’ I was fearful we were not strong enough, for I had been informed they were Nine in Number with Twelve Muskets, two double barrell’d Guns, and a number of Pistols, and my party had only Five fowling Pieces and three pistols; about two Miles from Triffits, I came up with them; they were sitting, and, before I saw them, I was within twenty yards of them; they were just on the Edge of a Plain under the Trees, and I in the open Ground; wishing to gain the Trees, the Party rushed forward to gain the Shelter of the Trees and, when I had got within Fifteen yards of them, I saw two of them seize their Muskets and stand; the rest run. I immediately fired a Man fell; they then perceiving that only one man rush’d on with they returned and took up the Arms they had left in their. Hurry, They commenced firing on me. I was, therefore, under the necessity to get to the nearest Shelter; they had then got themselves placed in a hollow Tree with holes in it, thro’ which they fired, and, as the party came up to support me, they were all wounded except one young Man, who supplied me with Ammunition. Mr. Jamott, I believe was the Man who fell first, and, in less than five Minutes, the rest of them; and, finding myself with only one Young Man by me, I prepared retreat, when the Bush rangers called out to me to lay down my arms and give myself up. I replied, I would not, but would have let’ Shot, and then see who could run fastest. As soon as I got to my house, I sent out my Cart to bring in the Wounded, and Newby down to Hobart Town with a Letter to the Lieutenant Governor to inform him of the circumstance.

DENNIS MCCARTY.

sworn before us, this 29th day of April, 1815 :-A. W. H. HUMPHREY, J.P.; JAMES GORDON, J.P.             

CHRISTOPHER HACKING, free man, on Oath states’:-

that he was out with McCarty’s Party, and was present during the whole of the Transpired, and was the only Person who remained with the People after they Were wounded; states that he was armed with one Pistol, and, after McCarty had retreated, the Bushrangers called out to rush, and ran up the Hill after’ McCarty, and the rest staid behind to look out, fearing there were more people to attack them. One of the Bushrangers, Peter Geary, formerly a fifer in the 73d Regt., ran up to Thomas Murphy, who was laying Wounded and bleeding ,through his Clothes, and, putting the Muzzle of his Musket to his breast, Swore he would shoot him. Deponent then was standing near Carlisle, and heard another Man call out to Geary not to Shoot him then Geary said, let us flog him. Murphy replied, for God’s sake don’t use me ill, for I am a dead Man ‘already; the Bushrangers then gathered up all the Arms, which belonged to the wounded, taking a pistol and Ammunition, he “this Deponent” had; they then asked how many there were of McCarty’s Party; he told them. After consulting among themselves, he asked, them if he might go for a Cart, they told him to go, and one of the Bush Rangers took off his handkerchief and gave it to Deponent to tie up Carlisle’s Wound; they spoke to Carlisle, and said they were very sorry for his fate; he replied that he forgave them, and begged they would not destroy his Stock which one of them promised they would not, and shook him by the hand. Geary then went up to O’Burn, who was laying on his face and with his foot pushed him over, saying, “what fellow is this.” Deponent told him he belonged to McCarty’s Schooner, and he then knew him., Deponent then went for a Cart, and ‘on the way met with some people coming out with a Wheelbarrow, saying they could not get a Cart, and had brought a barrow; he returned and they took the Wounded to James Triffit’s, where a Cart came from McCarty’s. When the Deponent returned to the wounded, the Bushrangers had left them, taking all the Arms there, were. Three of the Men,who Deponent knew, Viz. Geary, Hugh Burn, and Collyer; he further states that there was a Man among them, who had a large lump or Swelling over his right Eye.’         

C. HACKING.,

Sworn before us, this 29th, of April, 1815 :-A; W. H. HUMPHREY J.P.; JAMES GORDON, J.P.

ROBERT HAY, Constable for the district of New Norfolk, deposes:

I saw the Bush rangers but not the whole of the banditti at the house of John Barnes; there were Eight Men and a Native girl. I knew Whitehead, Howe, Geary, McGwyre, Burn and Collver the other two Men I did not know their Names, but one of them had a lump on his Eye; to the best of my recollection the other Man I have seen in the town, but did not know his Name. I should know him again, if I was to see him. I do not know the Man that went first to pick up the Wounded. I heard the deceased (Charles Carlisle) say more than once, I am a dead Man.

VERDICT.

The Jury declare that Charles Carlisle was Murdered on the 24th day of April, 1815, by James Whitehead, Peter Septon, Michael Howe, Richard Collyer, Richard McGwyre, Hugh Burn, Peter Geary; together with another Man whose Name is at present unknown, and a Black Woman, Native of this Island. 

1815 PROCLAMATION

Rev. Robert Knopwood:

Friday 10th March: The Govnr. Sent for me to attend court. The bench met at 12 and heard the information that A.W.H. Humphry’s wheat stacks and Bartholomew Reardon’s wheat stack and barn was set fire to and totally consumed by some person or persons unknown, supposed to be the bushrangers. The loss is estimated at 3000 bushells of wheat with barley and peas: all Mr. Ayer’s furniture that was in the barn was consumed.

PROCLAMATION

By Thomas Davey, Esquire, Lieutenant Governor of His Majesty’s Settlements on Van Diemen’s Land, and Lieutenant Colonel of the Royal Marine Forces &c., &c., &c.

WHEREAS divers Felons and other Persons have absconded from their lawful Occupations, and are now associated in Banditties in the Woods of this Island, committing the most atrocious Outrages and Roberies (sic) III the great terror of His Majesty’s peaceable Subjects, and to the manifold and serious injury of their Properties; the Lieut. Governor, with a view to put an end to practices so subversive of social order and the peace of His  Majesty’s Subjects residing under his Government, is pleased to offer II Reward of Fifty Guineas to be paid to any Person or Persons, whether Free or Bond, who will Apprehend and lodge in safe custody any Felon or other Person so unlawfully associated or ranging in the woods as aforesaid. And the Lieut. Governor is further pleased to declare that, if any Prisoner or other Person associated or ranging as aforesaid will deliver himself up to any of His Majesty’s Justices of the Peace, and give such Information as may lead to the apprehension and conviction of one or more of his Companions, or any other person or Persons so illegally associated or ranging in the woods as aforesaid, the Person, giving such Information, shall not only be pardoned and held harmless for the offence, which he may have committed in absconding from his lawful occupation, but shall also receive the strongest  Recommendation to His Excellency the Governor in Chief for a Free Pardon and a Passage to his Native Country at the expense of Government, provided the Person giving such Information has not been a principal in any act of Capital Felony during the period of his having been so illegally associated.

And the Lieut. Governor, being fully aware that the Felons and other Persons, above alluded to, have been countenanced, encouraged, aided and assisted by many evil disposed Persons, now residing under his Government, whereby they have been the better enabled to perpetrate their various atrocities, and being determined to bring all such Persons to the most exemplary Punishment, is further pleased to offer a Reward of Fifty Guineas to any Person or Persons, who will give such Information as may lead to the conviction of any Person or Persons of whatever description, who may have in any manner illegally corresponded with, countenanced, aided or abetted any of the above felons and illegally associated persons, in order that the Person or persons so offending might be brought to trial as accessories, aiders, and abettors of Felony, and dealt with accordingly.

THOMAS DAVEY.

God Save the King

Hobart Town, March 11th 1815

Rev. Robert Knopwood:

Saturday 11th March: A plan was formed by the inhabitants to arm themselves and go after them. Govmt. A reward of 50 pounds for each of them and 200 pounds for any person, bound or free to discover the incendiaries, and a free passage to England.

Sunday 12th March: D.V. Service was not performed, the wr. being so cold. A party of 15 young men went out after the bushrangers.

Lt.-Governor Davey to Governor Macquarie

Sir,

It is with the deepest regret I have to report to Your Excellency that the depredations of the Bushrangers have at length become so outrageous and alarming, us to compel me to adopt the most rigorous and decisive measures within my Power against them; And that I have accordingly sent armed Parties into the Woods with Orders to Apprehend all Persons, illegally ranging therein, and have given them power to resort to force of Arms in case of necessity requiring them to do so.

The Accompanying Affidavits will, I trust, convince Your Excellency of the imperious and indispensable necessity for the adoption of these measures, which have not arisen from any intemperate determination, but from the most mature Conviction of their Propriety.

Independent of the Personal injuries, which Mr. Humphrey and Barth’w Reardon have sustained by the wanton and Malicious attack made upon their Property, its effects will also be severely felt by the whole Settlement, as there is not sufficient Grain in it to answer the annual Consumption of its Inhabitants; the quantity, destroyed at Mr. Humphrey’s and Reardon’s the Constable, amounts to Considerably over Three Thousand Bushels; and, as it must be evident to Your Excellency that the Persons, who perpetrated the act, were solely directed from a Spirit of revenge to intimidate Mr. Humphrey and others from Acting against them in future, I should hope Your Excellency will concur with me in deeming it only Justice that Mr. Humphrey and Reardon should have their losses made good by Government. Mr. Humphrey was not at home at the time, but had been in town some days in the performance of His Magisterial duties by my express Commands, which, if possible, adds to the Concern I feel for his Loss…

I have the honor to enclose Your Excellency a Proclamation I have published upon the Subject of the Bush rangers, and which I hope will meet Your Excellency’s Approbation.

I have, &c.,

T. Davey, Lt-Governor.

Government House, Hobart Town, 13th March, 1815

Governor Macquarie to Lt.-Governor Davey :

“. . . you recommend that Mr. Humphrey and a man named Bartholomew Reardon should be indemnified by Government tor the losses they respectively sustained by the destruction of their Wheat by the Bush Rangers. You surely could not have seriously considered this subject in making such a recommendation, and what a vast expense you would entail Government by admitting such a Claim. For, if Messrs. Humphreys and Reardon are entitled to be indemnified for their losses, so are Capt. Townson, Mr. McCarty, and every other Person who has been robbed or Plundered by the Bush Rangers for the last three years in’ Van Diemen’s Land. You must therefore disregard all claims of this Nature, as being totally inadmissible, and not recommend in future any such to me.”

THE TROOPS GO SEARCHING

Corporal Thomas Miller of His Majesty’s 73rd Regiment of Foot led his troops into the bush in search of bushrangers on or about the 25th of March 1815 and searched without success for nearly three weeks.

1815: MARTIAL LAW

PROCLAMATION OF MARTIAL LAW IN VAN DIEMEN’S LAND

PROCLAMATION

By His Honor Thomas Davey, Esq., Lieut.- Governor of His Majesty’”

Settlements in Van Diemen’s Land, and Lieut. Colonel of the Royal

Marine Forces, &c., &c., &c.

WHEREAS most atrocious Outrages and Robberies have been Committed in this Island for a considerable time past by Bandittis of Runaway Felons and other Persons; and notwithstanding every exertion has been made for their effectual Suppression, they have hitherto escaped Justice, and have at length broken out in the most wanton and daring Acts of Murder; His Honor Lieutenant Governor Davey taking into his Serious and mature consideration the alarming state of His Majesty’s Settlements entrusted to his care, and wishing to arrest the progress of these distressing Calamities, to which the peaceable and loyal Inhabitants thereof are exposed in the Absence of Courts Competent to Try Capital Offences, is pleased to Order -and Declare, and does by these Presents, Notify and Declare that Martial Law is Established in this Island, and that a General Court Martial will be forthwith assembled for the Trial of any such Persons as may be brought before it accused of Wilful Murder, Theft, Robbery, Rape, Coining, or Clopping the Coin of Great Britain or Ireland, or having used any Violence or Committed any Offence against the Persons or Property of any of His Majesty’s peaceable and loyal Subjects, or any others Entitled to the Protection of His Majesty within this Island: And the Persons so Accused, if found Guilty, shall suffer Death or such other Punishment according to the nature and Degree of their respective Offences, as by the Sentence of such General Court Martial shall be awarded. And it is hereby further Notified and Declared that Martial Law shall Continue to be in full force until it shall have been repealed by Public Proclamation.

Given under my Hand at Government House, Hobart Town, the twenty fifth day of April, in the fifty-fifth Year of the Reign of our Sovereign Lord George the Third, and in the year of Our Lord One Thousand Eight Hundred and fifteen.

THOMAS DAVEY.

God Save the King!

By Command of His Honor The Lieutenant-Governor,

T.A. Lascelles, Secretary.”

“Martial law having this day been proclaimed the following Rules and Regulations are to be invariably attended during the period it shall remain in force.

1st. The whole of the Crown servants are to be mustered every afternoon at sunset in the lumber yard by the superintendent of Public Works; after which they are to retire to their respective habitations and there remain until sunrise on the following morning.

2nd. No person of whatever description will be permitted to pass the streets of Hobart Town after sunset without the counter sign. Respectable house keepers may obtain the C.S. on making application at the Secretary’s office, which will enable them to pass from sunset until eight o’clock at night, at which hour it is expected and directed that all persons will confine themselves to their respective residences.

3rd. All licensed houses are to be closed at seven o’clock at night, and no drunkenness or disorder is to be allowed to take place at any time therein, under pain of the keepers thereof being brought before a general court martial and punished according to the nature of their offence.

4th. No boats are to enter the creek, proceed there from or land anywhere whatever contiguous to the town after sunset without special permission from the Lieut. Govnr. C.S. by the Naval Officer, under pain of confiscation, and the person found therein brought before a general court martial and punished for disobedience of orders.”

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